Security Council: weapons of mass destruction
Content by: UN News Centre
Note: Following is a partial summary of today's Security Council meeting on weapons of mass destruction. A complete summary of today's meeting will be available later today as Press Release SC/12753.
SACHA SERGIO LLORENTI SOLIZ (Bolivia), Chair of the 1540 Committee, said it intended to build on the momentum generated by the adoption of the resolution 2325 (2016). The work programme for 2017 would enable significant progress towards more effective implementation of the obligations under resolution 1540 (2004). In that regard, a clear understanding of the challenges faced by States was needed. In accordance with operative paragraph 11, it was essential to take into account States’ ability to manufacture and export related materials. The Committee’s next interaction would take place next week, he said, adding that a delegation would visit El Salvador to support the development of a voluntary national implementation action plan.
To achieve universal reporting, it was critical to encourage the remaining 16 Member States that had not yet submitted their first report to do so, he said. Equally important was to encourage Member States to submit additional information on the resolution’s implementation, strengthen national capacities, identify and report effective national practices, and share best practices.
He said there were various means to request formal assistance for capacity building, noting that such help could be provided by States and international organizations. Since 2004, 56 States and two regional organizations had requested assistance through the Committee. The Commission was revising its assistance template in order to better support States in developing more detailed and effective assistance requests. It would also consider ways to better provide assistance, especially as a real-time response to requests made during dialogue with States, such as through securing and using additional resources. The Committee also planned to review all requests, offers and related assistance programmes for more effective matching strategies.
ooperation among States was a key element in promoting effective implementation of resolution 1540 (2004), he said the national 1540 contacts acted as national focal points in that regard. Ninety nine States had submitted their 1540 points of contact to the Committee. The body supported initiatives taken by some States to host training courses for national contacts.
States had made important contributions in other ways, too, he said, citing a regional 1540 seminar hosted by Pakistan in Islamabad, where representatives from 15 States of Central, East and South Asia, and international organizations had participated. That seminar had been an opportunity to promote awareness of resolution 1540 (2004) among the policymakers, highlighting national efforts and identifying challenges. It had also helped to identify opportunities for collaboration on the resolution’s implementation, law enforcement export controls and matching assistance needs with offers.
TAKESHI AKAHORI (Japan) said the danger of the proliferation of weapons of mass destruction had not subsided. Missile testing by the People’s Democratic Republic of Korea was an act of provocation and he urged that country to fully comply with relevant Security Council resolutions. The use of chemical weapons in Syria also had demonstrated the dangers of weapons proliferation in that individuals and entities could become complicit in such activities. Therefore, implementing resolution 1540 (2004) was critical. As proliferation was most likely to occur at the weakest link, he called on States to strengthen their non-proliferation systems, and to bolster the non-proliferation regime at the global, regional and national levels.
LIU JIEYI (China) said non-State actors were more likely to acquire weapons of mass destruction, urging the international community to come together to enhance global security. The issue of non-proliferation was complex and included elements of historical grievances and terrorism. The way forward lay in shaping a security architecture built by all, for all. Enhancing the sense of security for all countries and eliminating hotbeds of terrorism would further strengthen the non-proliferation regime. Every effort must be made to prevent non-State actors — not least, terrorists — from acquiring weapons of mass destruction. All parties must also remain committed to maintaining peace and defusing tensions on the Korean Peninsula. They must build trust and take a multipronged approach to implementing resolution 1540 (2004), he added.
VLADIMIR K. SAFRONKOV (Russian Federation) said non-proliferation was a military and political priority for his country, emphasizing the need for joint efforts to achieve that aim. It was critical to ensure that weapons of mass destruction did not fall into the hands of terrorist groups. Expressing support for resolution 1540 (2004) and its preventive character, he said Member States must sustain the momentum while being careful about steps taken. “We should be guided by not to do any harm,” he declared, noting that, given the ongoing activities in Iraq and Syria, where terrorist groups had mastered the technology of such weapons, prevention had become an urgent matter for the international community.
INIGO LAMBERTINI (Italy) said resolution 1540 (2004) was a crucial instrument in preventing nuclear proliferation and the acquisition of related weapons by non-State actors. Greater capacity-building and intense cooperation at the national, regional and global levels would help States achieve meaningful results, he said, emphasizing the key role to be played by academia and civil society organizations in that regard. Expressing concern about the risks of terrorist groups, such as Islamic State in Iraq and the Levant (ISIL/Da’esh), acquiring weapons of mass destruction, he said that while rapid scientific advances brought benefits, they also led to potential misuse.
* The 7899th Meeting was closed.